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ŚAKA - शक

See also:  शक
Source: Purāṇic Encyclopaedia  | English | 
A particular sect of people or caste. The following information about the Śakas is gathered from the Mahābhārata.
(i) Śakas were born from the breast of Nandinī, Vasiṣṭha's cow. [Ādi Parva, Chapter 147, Verse 36].
(ii) Bhīmasena, during his triumphal tour of the eastern regions subjugated the Śakas. [Sabhā Parva. Chapter 32, Verse 14].
(iii) Nakula conquered them. [Sabhā Parva, Chapter 32, Verse 14].
(iv) King of the Śakas participated in Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya. [Sabhā Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 32].
(v) The Pāṇḍavas invited them to take part in the great war. [Udyoga Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 15].
(vi) They did along with Sudakṣiṇa, king of Kāmboja, service in Duryodhana's army. [Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Verse 21].
(vii) Śrī Kṛṣṇa once conquered them. [Droṇa Parva, Chapter 119, Verse 45].
(viii) Karṇa once defeated them and conquered their country. [Karṇa Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 18].
(ix) Śakas who were originally Kṣatriyas were demoted as Śūdras as they incurred the displeasure and anger of brahmins. [Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 33, Verse 21].
(x) As the Śakas and the Yavanas had helped the Haihaya kings Paraśurāma, Sagara and Bharata defeated them in war and drove them off from the country. [Bhāgavata, Navama Skandha].

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