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कर्कोटक

See also:  कर्कट , कर्काटक
A Sanskrit English Dictionary | sa  en |   | 
कर्कोटक  m. m.Momordica Mixta, [Suśr.]
Aegle Marmelos, [L.]
the sugar-cane, [L.]
N. of a नाग, [MBh.]; [Hariv.] &c.
कर्कोटक  m. m. pl.N. of a people, [MBh. viii, 2066]
कर्कोटक  n. n. the fruit of Momordica Mixta, [Suśr. i, 222, 1.]

Shabda-Sagara | sa  en |   | 
कर्कोटक  m.  (-कः)
1. A plant, (Ægle marmelos:) see मालूर.
2. A Naga or serpent: see the preceding.
3. A kind of gourd, (Momordica charantia:) in this sense; also कर्कोटिका.
5. Sugar-cane.

A dictionary, Marathi and English | mr  en |   | 
In legendary history. A certain monstrous black serpent, having the strength of 9000 elephants, and exceedingly venomous. 2 Hence applied as a designation to the कऱ्हाडा Bráhmans, from the conceit that they harbour malign intentions towards the Bráhmans gen. 3 Perfidious, rancorous, vengeful.

 पु. १ ( पुराण ) कद्रुपूत्र , एक नाग ; सर्पराज , याला नऊ हजार हत्तीचें बळ होतें . नल राजास वनवासांत यानें दंश केला होता . कलिदोषनाशाकरितां याचें स्मरण करतात . ' कर्कोटकस्य नागस्य ..... कीर्तनं कलिनाशनम् । ' ' नाना संपें उगवले काळ कर्कोट चालिले । ' - दावि ५०१ . २ ( उप ) कर्‍हाडे जातीच्या ब्राह्मणास म्हणतात . ३ सूड घेणारा ; दीर्घद्वेषी मनुष्य . ( सं .)
पुन . १ ( गणित ) त्रिज्या . २ वर्तुल काढण्याचें साधन ; कंपास . ३ कर्क पहा .

कर्कोटक n.  कद्रूपुत्र एक नाग । यह वरुण की सभा में रहता था [म.स.९.९] । यह नागों के भोगवती नामक राजधानी में रहता है [म. उ. १०१.९] । नारद के शाप से जब यह दावाग्नि में फँस गया, तब नलराजा ने इसे बाहर निकाला था । इस उपकार के कारण इसने नल को दंश कर के ऐसा बनाया कि, उसे कलि से पीडा न हो । उसी प्रकार वनवास समाप्त होने तक उसे कोई न पहचाने, इस उद्देश्य से विरुप भी बना दिया । ‘सुरुप होने की इच्छा होते ही मेरे द्वारा दिये गये दो वस्त्र परिधान कर लेना, ये इसने नल को बताया [म.व.६३] । कर्कोट नामक भारतवर्षे के विभाग के कर्कोटक लोगों को महाभारत में विधर्मी कहा गया है [म. फ.३.४५]

Puranic Encyclopaedia  | en  en |   | 
KARKOṬAKA   A terrible serpent.
1) Birth.
This serpent was born to Kaśyapa by his wife Kadrū.
2) The curse.
Once Karkoṭaka cheated the sage Nārada. The angry sage cursed him and said that he would have to remain without the power of movements in the forest till Nala came to rescue him. From that day Karkoṭaka lived in that forest, awaiting the arrival of Nala.
3) Nala and Karkoṭaka.
Once a wild fire spread all over the forest. Karkoṭaka whose power of movement was destroyed by Nārada's curse, cried aloud, calling upon Nala to come and save him. It was at this time that Nala arrived at the spot after leaving Damayantī in the forest. Nala came to him, on hearing his cries. The serpent informed Nala about the story of Nārada's curse and reducing himself to the size of a thumb sat on the ground. Nala removed him to a safe spot away from the fire. The serpent asked Nala to walk a few steps counting his footsteps. Nala did so and at the tenth step, Karkoṭaka stung him and his whole body was turned blue. Suddenly Karkoṭaka assumed his own original shape and spoke to Nala as follows:--“I have changed your appearance so that people may not be able to recognize you. Kali who is troubling you, still lives within you. It is he who is affected by my poison. You need not fear danger from poison any more. You will never be defeated in battle. Go and engage yourself as the charioteer of Ṛtuparṇa, King of Ayodhyā. You will teach him Aśvahṛdaya mantra. In return for it he will teach you Akṣahṛdaya mantra. Here are two garments which I give you. If you put them on, you will be restored to your own shape. May you be blessed again with a happy family life.” After saying this, Karkoṭaka vanished. [M.B. Vana Parva, Chapter 66].

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